Transmission during Pregnancy or Delivery
Current studies show that pregnant mother’s do not transmit the COVID-19 during pregnancy or delivery. This is an area that needs more research. Some peer-reviewed literature from 18 relevant studies has shown that mother to child transmission of Coronavirus does not occur. Nineteen women with COVID-19 delivered 20 babies. Of these 19 women, 3 (16%) were asymptomatic (did not have symptoms), 1 (5%) admitted to the ICU, and no maternal death has been reported. Fifteen babies who were tested showed no evidence of vertical transmission (from mother to baby during the pregnancy or delivery) as the method of delivery was split 17 by caesarean and 2 by vaginal delivery. It is important to note that 42% of the women hospitalized with COVID-19 had pre-term delivery and only one neonatal death was recorded.
No virus has been detected in amniotic fluid samples. So you will not pass the infection to your child while pregnant, during and after delivery. Inhaling respiratory droplets from a person infected with Coronavirus remains to be the main route of spread of this infection.
Although infants born to mothers positive to coronavirus during pregnancy may have poor outcomes like prematurity syndrome, it is not clear whether these outcomes are directly associated. Besides, the long term health effects on infants born to mothers positive to coronavirus infection have not been shown.